Water is considered a human right. However, the access to water, its distribution, and sanitation are not at the same level in every country. While some countries can enjoy the sewage systems and clean water, other countries are struggling to find resources and build the infrastructure needed to get there. Having no sewer systems leads to open defecation and water pollution, which often cause diarrhea or intestinal parasites. This problem might seem unrelated to the overall development of a country, however, when their children are getting sick, they can’t study or entirely develop. The situation gets even worst for girls and women because open defecation puts them at risk of physical attacks.
In WHO & UNICEF’s 2015 report, the development of piped water systems was identified as one of the leading improvements in water access and sanitation. However, this is often difficult because of government involvement and financial constraints. While there was an improvement in comparison to other years, there are still 892 million people who have no choice, because there’s no pipe system in their community. There has been some progress around the world, yet Indonesia seems to have the least progress in this matter. They have one of the lowest sewerage coverage levels in Asia with only 2% access in urban areas, which leads to serious sanitation and water access problems.
Not having access to this basic necessity sets them back and restrains their growth and well being.
Design a community-based water distribution tactic that would increase clean water access that the people could implement and utilize on their own.
Goal #6: Antya, Evie & Sophie